` Displaced People in South Sudan Sheltering in UN Compounds are Hungry And Have Malnutrition ‘


#AceFoodNews – SOUTH SUDAN – May 07 – Having just met with displaced, war-weary South Sudanese sheltering in United Nations compounds, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today urged immediate help to end hunger and malnutrition around the world, warning that up to a million people could be at risk of famine in a matter of months.

“In South Sudan, I saw a country on the brink of a food security calamity,” Mr. Ban told the Rome-based Committee on World Food Security, whose members include the UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), the UN World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).

“UN peacekeepers are sheltering about 80,000 people in a fragile yet important advance in upholding our commitment to protect civilians. But those outside the gates also need our assistance,” he said, having seen just yesterday the hardships faced by families staying at the Tomping civilian protection site during his visit to South Sudan to push for a political settlement to the county’s months-long.

Overall in South Sudan, millions of people displaced by politically-motivated violence are hungry and hundreds of thousands are suffering from extremely high levels of malnutrition. With fighting disrupting the planting period and the rainy season now under-way, the situation is only going to get worse, the UN chief stressed.

“We will not eliminate extreme poverty or achieve sustainable development without adequate food and nutrition for all,” Mr. Ban said highlighting the importance of food security to the global agenda. “We cannot know peace or security if one in eight people are hungry.”

UN agencies and humanitarian partners, present at today’s meeting, have been working in South Sudan, as well as other protracted crisis situations, such as the Central African Republic (CAR) and Syria.

Since December, WFP and partners have reached more than 502,000 people in South Sudan alone, according to April figures.

Ace Related News:

  1. UN – WFP – May 07 – http://tinyurl.com/nnkhhbj

#AFHN2014

` New Data Shows a 45 Percent Reduction in Maternal Deaths Since 1990 Underscoring Need of Accurate Data’


#AceHealthNews – GENEVA – NEW YORK – May 06 – New United Nations* data show a 45% reduction in maternal deaths since 1990.

An estimated 289 000 women died in 2013 due to complications in pregnancy and childbirth, down from 523 000 in 1990.

Another WHO study, also published today in The Lancet Global Health, adds new knowledge about why these women are dying. Global causes of maternal death: a WHO systematic analysis, finds that more than 1 in 4 maternal deaths are caused by pre-existing medical conditions such as diabetes, HIV, malaria and obesity, whose health impacts can all be aggravated by pregnancy. This is similar to the proportion of deaths during pregnancy and childbirth from severe bleeding.

“Together, the two reports highlight the need to invest in proven solutions, such as quality care for all women during pregnancy and childbirth, and particular care for pregnant women with existing medical conditions,” says Dr Flavia Bustreo, Assistant Director-General, Family, Women’s and Children’s Health, WHO.

They also underscore the importance of having accurate data.

“Thirty-three maternal deaths per hour is 33 too many,” said Tim Evans, Director, Health, Nutrition and Population, World Bank Group. “We need to document every one of these tragic events, determine their cause, and initiate corrective actions urgently.”

#Ace Related News:
1. World Health Organisation – May 06 – http://tinyurl.com/mu6fb68
2. Statistics on Maternal deaths compiled by P.a.p.-Blog http://wp.me/Pd52p-BV

#AHN2014

` People in this World starve and others are `Obese’ as `Greed’ has its own Reward’s’


#AceHealthNews says `Child Obesity looms large, with over a third of `European’ teenagers over-weight in Europe – WHO-Reports’

Published time: February 27, 2014 19:46.47

 
Reuters / Toby Melville Reuters / Toby Melville
One in three 11-year-olds is overweight or obese across Europe, a detailed analysis on obesity levels in 53 countries has shown. Action needs to be taken “to stop overweight becoming the new norm,” the World Health Organization (WHO) has warned.

Up to 27 percent of 13-year-olds and 33 percent of 11-year-olds in some European countries are overweight or obese, according to the WHO latest report. It’s believed that lack of exercise, as well as the “disastrously effective”marketing of unhealthy foods, high in fat, sugar and salt, has led to a sharp rise in obesity and overweight in recent decades. Among the countries with the highest proportion of overweight 11-year-olds is Greece (33 percent), Portugal (32 percent), and Ireland and Spain (30 percent each).

From 2002 to 2010, the number of countries where more than 20 percent of 11-, 13- and 15-year-olds are overweight rose from 5 to 11. 

Over 30 percent of boys and girls aged 15 and over in 23 out of 36 countries are not getting enough exercise. Among adults, women’s rates of poor physical activity span from 16 percent in Greece to 71 percent in Malta and 76 percent in Serbia. 

Thanks to restrictions on advertising of unhealthy foods, promoting vegetable and fruit consumption and physical activity in schools, France, Norway, Switzerland and the Netherlands appeared among the few champions who managed to stem the epidemic of overweight and obesity, however. 

National governments should enforce legislation, and insist on informative labeling, nutrient profiling and regulated marketing, requiring the food industry to take responsibility, the WHO recommended in its report.

In Britain, where according to official statistics most people are overweight or obese, (this includes 61.9 percent of adults and 28 percent of children aged between two and 15), on average the population consumes too much saturated fat. Intakes of the so-called non-milk extrinsic sugars exceed the recommended level for all age groups, most notably for children aged 11-18, where mean intakes provided 15.3 percent of food energy, according to the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey.

The epidemic of overweight and obesity threatens children’s health, since childhood obesity goes hand in hand with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, orthopedic problems, mental disorders, under achievement in school, as well as lower self-esteem. 

“Preventing children from becoming overweight or obese is vital to their avoiding the associated, lifelong health risks,” the United Nations health agency said.

Over 60 percent of children who are overweight before puberty will be so as young adults. Such children are three to seven times more likely to be overweight adults. 

“Our perception of what is normal has shifted. Being overweight is now more common than unusual,” the WHO’s regional director, Zsuzsanna Jakab, pointed out. 

We must not let another generation grow up with obesity as the new norm,” she added. 

Physical inactivity “coupled with a culture that promotes cheap, convenient food high in fats, salt and sugars – is deadly,” Jakab warned. Children need at least one hour of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity every day not to gain extra weight.

“We need to create environments where physical activity is encouraged and the healthy food choice is the default choice, regardless of social group,” a WHO expert on nutrition, physical activity and obesity, Joao Breda, said in a statement released with the report. 

“Physical activity and healthy food choices should be taken very seriously in all environments – schools, hospitals, cities, towns and workplaces. As well as the food industry, the urban planning sector can make a difference,” he added. 

Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century, the WHO says. Globally, in 2010 the number of overweight children under the age of five, is estimated to be over 42 million. Close to 35 million of those live in developing countries.

 

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Just a Glass of Llamas Milk a Day Could Keep the Doctor Away


#AceFoodNews says as more and more of our milk products become over priced more and more people are turning to alternatives, such as milk from Llama’s, or Yaks’s to name but two, and as the UN reported just recently these “Milk and Dairy Products” from underutilized animals such as llama, donkey or yak should be more widely used to counteract high cow milk prices, the United Nations food agency stated <“http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/203977/icode/?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social+media&utm_campaign=fao+facebook“>said urging Governments to invest in programmes that help poor families keep small dairy livestock.

Llamas MilkBut look further into the beneficial nutrients against Cows Milk and even more amazing facts appear:

The llama, an animal classified in the camelid family with camels and alpacas, lives in the Andean Mountain region of South America. As a domesticated animal, llamas can work like a horse or mule pulling a cart or carrying packs, while leaving a smaller environmental footprint, meaning they do less damage to the fields or trails. Llamas can guard sheep, produce high quality wool and graze in pastures, making them useful and easy to maintain as a livestock animal. Because they are mammals, female llamas produce milk to feed their young. Their milk contains lactose. 

WHAT IS LACTOSE?

Sugar molecules consist of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms hooked together to form a ring. Sugar exists in a variety of chemical forms including sucrose or table sugar; fructose, which is found in fruit; and lactose, the sugar in milk. Lactose consists of two smaller sugar molecules known as glucose and galactose bound together. Lactose does not taste as sweet as table sugar, but does give milk and other dairy products their slightly sweet flavor. Milk produced by all mammals, including llamas, contains lactose.

Llamas Milk NutritionLLAMA MILK COMPOSITION: 

Like all mammals, llamas produce milk to feed their babies, known as crias. Llama milk contains more protein than cow’s milk and goat’s milk, with 4.23 percent protein compared to 3.3 percent in cow’s milk and 2.9 percent in goat’s milk, according to the Alpaca Breeders of Southern California. Llama milk also contains more calcium with 1,701 ppm as compared to 1,080 ppm in cow’s milk and 1,400 in goat’s milk. In addition llama milk contains higher amounts of phosphorus and potassium. Despite the nutritional advantages llama milk offers, it likely will not replace cow’s milk or goat’s milk as a major source of milk due to the small population of llamas and their low milk production.

LLAMA MILK LACTOSE:

Only 80,000 to 100,000 llamas live in the United States, a small population when compared to other livestock used for milk production, according to the Llama Lifestyle Marketing Association. In addition, each female llama only produces about 60 mL of milk at a time, which means their young must suckle often to get adequate nutrition. Although you can drink llama milk, many people looking for a substitute for cow’s milk need a milk product that does not contain lactose due to lactose intolerance. Llama’s milk contains a higher lactose content than cow’s milk with 5.93 percent lactose compared to 4.7 percent.

LACTOSE INTOLERANCE:

When you consume milk and dairy products your body must break down the lactose to absorb the sugar and convert it to usable energy. The enzyme called lactase, produced by the cells lining the small intestine, breaks the bond between the glucose and galactose molecules. The small intestine can then absorb the smaller sugar molecules. Babies produce large amounts of lactase to digest the lactose in their milk. As you age, your body slows down the production of lactase. Without enough lactase, you cannot absorb the lactose and it stays in the digestive tract. The large intestine tries to break down the lactose through a process of fermentation carried out by bacteria. This causes the symptoms associated with lactose intolerance, which include chronic diarrhea, gas, bloating and stomach pains.

REFERENCES

 

“There is huge scope for developing other dairy species,” said UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) livestock industry officer, Anthony Bennett, highlighting the nutritional and economic resources of these animals.

In <“http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3396e/i3396e.pdf“>Milk and Dairy Products in Human Nutrition, a book co-authored by Mr. Bennett, the FAO reported that non-traditional sources of dairy, alongside other species that are already used for milk like buffalo, goat and sheep, can improve nutrition among the most vulnerable groups.

Although the term ‘milk’ has become almost synonymous with cow milk, milk from many other species is consumed in different parts of the world. The book covers the milk composition of other major dairy species such as buffalo, goat and sheep, and species that are currently underutilized in dairy production such as alpaca, camel and mithun.

In addition to being very high in fat and protein, dairy products from animals such as reindeer or moose may be suitable for the two to six per cent of the population allergic to cow milk.

Dairy consumption in developing countries is expected to grow by 25 percent by 2025 as a result of population growth and rising incomes, according to figures cited in the publication, but will likely still be too expensive for most households that subsist on starch or cereal-based diets.

“Governments need to address the issue by making nutrition a specific objective in dairy sector development and by investing in programmes that help poor families keep small dairy livestock,” the UN agency said.

Currently about 150 million households – some 750 million people – are engaged in milk production around the world, the majority of whom are in developing countries.

“A major challenge is for Governments to develop inclusive policies and encourage investment from the private sector that helps these small-scale farmers take advantage of the escalating demand for milk and dairy in developing countries to improve their livelihoods,” Mr. Bennett said.

The book also calls for new collaborative initiatives to address the environmental effects of the dairy sector, which accounts for some four per cent of all human-caused greenhouse gas emissions in addition to increasing pressure on land and water resources.

“Producing, processing and distributing milk and dairy products, like other foods, does affect the planet, and ongoing efforts are required to reduce greenhouse gas emissions generated by the sector,” said Mr. Bennett.

New York, Nov 26 2013  3:00PM

UN Report Highlights – Food Insecurity Hotspots – Including Syria


The United States, the world’s largest maize producer, accounts for much of the increase, as it is expected to harvest a record maize crop of 348 million tonnes, 27 per cent higher than the previous year.

International trade in cereals is also expected to increase in the 2013-2014 period due to the availability of coarse grains, reaching 312 million tonnes. This is 1.6 per cent higher than the previous period and slightly above the level expected in September.
The quarterly report also highlights several ‘food insecurity hotspots.’ Among them is Syria, where due to the protracted conflict some 4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.http://www.fao.org/worldfoodsituation/foodpricesindex/en/