` Rare Inherited Skin Disease That is Sensitive to Ultra-Violet Rays Affects Araras Village People '

#AceHealthNews – BRAZIL – May 06 – (AP) This is a village where the people melt away.Tucked into the sun-baked rolling hills of Brazil’s mid-west, Araras is home to what is thought to be the largest single group of people suffering from a rare inherited skin disease known as xeroderma pigmentosum, or “XP.”

Those with the disease are extremely sensitive to ultraviolet rays from sunlight and highly susceptible to skin cancers. It robs victims of the ability to repair the damage caused by the sun.

That’s a particularly vexing burden in Araras, a tropical farming community where outdoor work is vital for survival.

“I was always exposed to the sun — working, planting and harvesting rice and caring for the cows,” said Djalma Antonio Jardim, 38. “As the years passed my condition got worse.”

Agriculture is no longer a real option for Jardim.

He survives on a small government pension and meagre earnings from an ice cream parlour he runs.

XP shows early signs that it has taken hold of its victims.

Jardim said he was just 9 when a large number of freckles and small lumps started appearing on his face, the tell-tale signs that experts say signal XP is present in children and call for measures to protect them against the sun.

Such precaution wasn’t taken for Jardim, who now wears a large straw hat in an effort to protect his face.

But it’s helped little. He has undergone more than 50 surgeries to remove skin tumours.

In an effort to camouflage how the disease has eaten away the skin on his lips, nose, cheeks and eyes, Jardim wears a rudimentary orange-tinted mask, its stencilled-in right eyebrow not matching his bushy real one that remains.

Beyond skin damage and cancers, about one in five XP patients may also suffer from deafness, spastic muscles, poor coordination or developmental delays, according to the U.S.-based National Cancer Institute.

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1. Read More of this Amazing Story at http://tinyurl.com/klpw2hd


` New Data Shows a 45 Percent Reduction in Maternal Deaths Since 1990 Underscoring Need of Accurate Data’

#AceHealthNews – GENEVA – NEW YORK – May 06 – New United Nations* data show a 45% reduction in maternal deaths since 1990.

An estimated 289 000 women died in 2013 due to complications in pregnancy and childbirth, down from 523 000 in 1990.

Another WHO study, also published today in The Lancet Global Health, adds new knowledge about why these women are dying. Global causes of maternal death: a WHO systematic analysis, finds that more than 1 in 4 maternal deaths are caused by pre-existing medical conditions such as diabetes, HIV, malaria and obesity, whose health impacts can all be aggravated by pregnancy. This is similar to the proportion of deaths during pregnancy and childbirth from severe bleeding.

“Together, the two reports highlight the need to invest in proven solutions, such as quality care for all women during pregnancy and childbirth, and particular care for pregnant women with existing medical conditions,” says Dr Flavia Bustreo, Assistant Director-General, Family, Women’s and Children’s Health, WHO.

They also underscore the importance of having accurate data.

“Thirty-three maternal deaths per hour is 33 too many,” said Tim Evans, Director, Health, Nutrition and Population, World Bank Group. “We need to document every one of these tragic events, determine their cause, and initiate corrective actions urgently.”

#Ace Related News:
1. World Health Organisation – May 06 – http://tinyurl.com/mu6fb68
2. Statistics on Maternal deaths compiled by P.a.p.-Blog http://wp.me/Pd52p-BV


` World Health Organisation Says Spread of Polio is Now a Public Health Emergency ‘

#AceHealthNews – WORLDWIDE – May 06 – The World Health Organization says the spread of polio has become an international public health emergency. The agency described the ongoing polio outbreaks in Asia, Africa and the Middle East as an “extraordinary” situation, AP reported.

The virus, which usually strikes children under five and is most often spread via infected water, continues to pop up in countries previously free of the disease, such as Syria, Somalia and Iraq, where unrest is complicating efforts to contain the virus.

According to the report The Emergency Committee convened by the Director-General under the International Health Regulations (2005) [IHR (2005)] was held by teleconference on Monday 28 April 2014 from 13:30 to 17:30 Geneva time (CET) and on Tuesday 29 April 2014 from 13:30 to 19:00 Geneva time (CET).

Members of the Emergency Committee and expert advisers to the Committee met on both days of the meeting.1 The following affected States Parties participated in the informational session of the meeting on Monday 28 April 2014: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Israel, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia and the Syrian Arab Republic.

During the informational session, the WHO Secretariat provided an update on and assessment of recent progress in stopping endemic and imported polio-viruses and the international spread of wild polio-viruses in 2014 as of 26 April. The above affected States Parties presented on recent developments in their countries.

After discussion and deliberation on the information provided, and in the context of the global polio eradication initiative, the Committee advised that the international spread of polio to date in 2014 constitutes an ‘extraordinary event’ and a public health risk to other States for which a coordinated international response is essential. The current situation stands in stark contrast to the near-cessation of international spread of wild poliovirus from January 2012 through the 2013 low transmission season for this disease (i.e. January to April). If unchecked, this situation could result in failure to eradicate globally one of the world’s most serious vaccine preventable diseases. It was the unanimous view of the Committee that the conditions for a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) have been met.

At end-2013, 60% of polio cases were the result of international spread of wild poliovirus, and there was increasing evidence that adult travellers contributed to this spread. During the 2014 low transmission season there has already been international spread of wild polio-virus from 3 of the 10 States that are currently infected: in central Asia (from Pakistan to Afghanistan), in the Middle East (Syrian Arab Republic to Iraq) and in Central Africa (Cameroon to Equatorial Guinea).

A coordinated international response is deemed essential to stop this international spread of wild polio-virus and to prevent new spread with the onset of the high transmission season in May/June 2014; unilateral measures may prove less effective in stopping international spread than a coordinated response.

The consequences of further international spread are particularly acute today given the large number of polio-free but conflict-torn and fragile States which have severely compromised routine immunization services and are at high risk of re-infection. Such States would experience extreme difficulty in mounting an effective response were wild polio-virus to be reintroduced.

As much international spread occurs across land borders, WHO should continue to facilitate a coordinated regional approach to accelerate interruption of virus transmission in each epidemiologic zone.

The over-riding priority for all polio-infected States must be to interrupt wild polio-virus transmission within their borders as rapidly as possible through the immediate and full application in all geographic areas of the polio eradication strategies, specifically: supplementary immunization campaigns with oral polio-virus vaccine (OPV), surveillance for polio-virus, and routine immunization.

The Committee provided the following advice to the Director-General for her consideration to reduce the international spread of wild polio-virus, based on a risk stratification of the 10 States with active transmission (i.e. within the previous 6 months) as of 29 April 2014.

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1. World Health Organisation – May 05 – http://tinyurl.com/ocpgzmd


` Vietnam a city under the siege of a `Measles’ outbreak with situation worsening as seasons change ‘

#AceHealthNews – Ho Chi Minh City is starting a grand vaccination campaign for measles as it is still spreading after two months of lack effort to combat the outbreak and the problem could worsen as the seasons change.

The city Preventive Health Department reported that 129 children had been infected with measles or suspected to in the first two months this year, up 21.5 times year-on-year.

It said the disease might spread further as March and April are usually its peak time.

Doctors have blamed the abnormal eruption of the disease on vaccination neglect.

The department estimated that around 5,000 children in the city have not been administered their first measles shot as they should have been, and those missing their second shots amounted to 25,000-30,000.
The city has prepared around 100,000 measles shots to provide to children starting this Friday.

Children in Vietnam are given their first measles shot at nine months old and the second at 18 months. The final shot increases the protection chance to 99 percent from 85 percent after the first shot, doctors said.

But a low rate of vaccination has opened doors for severe measles outbreaks that began in late January and killed six children in around 10 days in northern Vietnam, including Hanoi.

“We have been failing in vaccination for a long time,” said Dr. Le Truong Giang, former deputy director of the HCMC Health Department and now chairman of the city Community Health Association.

More at: http://www.thanhniennews.com/health/vietnam-city-under-the-gun-to-shoot-back-at-measles-24438.html