` Rare Inherited Skin Disease That is Sensitive to Ultra-Violet Rays Affects Araras Village People '


#AceHealthNews – BRAZIL – May 06 – (AP) This is a village where the people melt away.Tucked into the sun-baked rolling hills of Brazil’s mid-west, Araras is home to what is thought to be the largest single group of people suffering from a rare inherited skin disease known as xeroderma pigmentosum, or “XP.”

Those with the disease are extremely sensitive to ultraviolet rays from sunlight and highly susceptible to skin cancers. It robs victims of the ability to repair the damage caused by the sun.

That’s a particularly vexing burden in Araras, a tropical farming community where outdoor work is vital for survival.

“I was always exposed to the sun — working, planting and harvesting rice and caring for the cows,” said Djalma Antonio Jardim, 38. “As the years passed my condition got worse.”

Agriculture is no longer a real option for Jardim.

He survives on a small government pension and meagre earnings from an ice cream parlour he runs.

XP shows early signs that it has taken hold of its victims.

Jardim said he was just 9 when a large number of freckles and small lumps started appearing on his face, the tell-tale signs that experts say signal XP is present in children and call for measures to protect them against the sun.

Such precaution wasn’t taken for Jardim, who now wears a large straw hat in an effort to protect his face.

But it’s helped little. He has undergone more than 50 surgeries to remove skin tumours.

In an effort to camouflage how the disease has eaten away the skin on his lips, nose, cheeks and eyes, Jardim wears a rudimentary orange-tinted mask, its stencilled-in right eyebrow not matching his bushy real one that remains.

Beyond skin damage and cancers, about one in five XP patients may also suffer from deafness, spastic muscles, poor coordination or developmental delays, according to the U.S.-based National Cancer Institute.

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